The Jalapeño chili is named after the city of Xalapa in Mexico, where the pepper was traditionally cultivated. But Mexicans also know it by the names chile gordo, meaning ‘fat chili pepper’, and cuaresmeño, referring to its traditional place on the Lent food table. Its first recorded appearance (as chipotle, i.e. smoke-dried jalapeño) is in the Florentine Codex manuscript, where priest and ethnographer Bernardino de Sahagún reported how popular peppers were with Aztecs in the 16th century: they were used in cooking, medicine and certain cultural ceremonies.
Nowadays, jalapeños are grown extensively across Mexico and the thick-walled fruits are known worldwide. Although they are usually eaten at the green stage, either fresh or pickled, the fruits ripen to red and are amazingly sweet when allowed to do so (Scoville units: 2.500-8.000).
Latin Name: Capsicum annuum
Name: Hot Pepper
Variety: Jalapeño M
Quantity: 35 seeds
Plant Size: Height - 70 cm, Width - 35 cm
Container Size: Height - 30 cm, Width - 30 cm
Sowing: Indoor - Feb-Mar, Outdoor - May-June
Timing: Germination - 15-30 days, Harvesting - 90-120 days
Spacing: When sowing - 5 cm, Depth - 0.5cm. When transplanting - 30 cm
Growing: Sunlight - Full sun, Soil - Well-drained, light and fertile soil. Watering - Regular moderate watering. Feeding - Heavy feeder
Caring: The Jalapeño’s flavour is best when harvested at the green stage, but it becomes hotter when left to ripen fully.
Pollinators - Although peppers are self-pollinating plants, pollinators will increase fruit set.
Pests - Grow companion plants that attract ladybirds to prevent aphid attacks.
Harvesting: Check for small cracks in the skin on the fruits’ shoulders – this is a sign that the Jalapeños are ready to be picked.
Medicinal properties - If you suffer from headaches, try some Jalapeños on your food and feel the pain disappear!
How to eat - The nickname chile gordo couldn’t really be more appropriate as these generously sized peppers can be stuffed full of cheese, bacon or any other culinary delight that takes your fancy.
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